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Infinite Star of 1,241,100,000,000 never-repeating π fell upon Earth in ancient times and delivers Einstein on 3.14

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Albert Einstein: 14 March 1879 - 18 April 1955

π is commonly defined as the ratio of a circle's circumference C to its diameter d : pi = C/d
The number π is a mathematical constant, the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter, commonly approximated as 3.14159. It has been represented by the Greek letter "π" since the mid-18th century, though it is also sometimes spelled out as "pi" .

The ratio C/d is constant, regardless of the circle's size. For example, if a circle has twice the diameter of another circle it will also have twice the circumference, preserving the ratio C/d. This definition of p implicitly makes use of flat (Euclidean) geometry; although the notion of a circle can be extended to any curved (non-Euclidean) geometry, these new circles will no longer satisfy the formula p = C/d.

What are the digits for Pi? 3.14 or 3.1415926535897932384626433832795028... (ad infinitum). As of October 11, 2011, the record for the computerized listing of the numbers of Pi is some 10 Trillion...

1,241,100,000,000 digits1.2411 trillion digits (1,241,100,000,000) digits of pi have been discovered.

Who discovered Pi?
Greek mathematician Euclid (born 325 BC) Euclidean geometry, attributed by Greek mathematician Euclid (born 325 BC) was the first recorded system used to show Pi as a mathematical constant.
Or:  read more »

Carnival: don masks and costumes, join free-spirited parade and street party, jolly fun before Lent

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Carnival is a Western Christian festive season that occurs before the liturgical season of Lent. The main events typically occur during February or early March, during the period historically known as Shrovetide (or Pre-Lent). Carnival typically involves a public celebration and/or parade combining some elements of a circus, masks, and a public street party. People wear masks and costumes during many such celebrations, allowing them to lose their everyday individuality and experience a heightened sense of social unity. Excessive consumption of alcohol, meat, and other foods proscribed during Lent is extremely common. Other common features of carnival include mock battles such as food fights; social satire and mockery of authorities; and a general reversal of everyday rules and norms.  read more »

Outbluffed: Machine beats humans first time in poker, the last remaining game where humans had managed to maintain upper hand

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1 February, 2017
Artificial intelligence has made history by beating humans in poker for the first time, the last remaining game in which humans had managed to maintain the upper hand.

Libratus, an AI built by Carnegie Mellon University racked up over $1.7 million worth of chips against four of the top professional poker players in the world in a 20-day marathon poker tournament that ended on Tuesday in Philadelphia.

While machines have beaten humans over the last two decade in chess, checkers, and most recently in the ancient game of Go, Libratus' victory is significant because poker is an imperfect information game - similar to the real world where not all problems are laid out and the difficulty in figuring out human behaviour is one of the main reasons why it was considered immune to machines.

One of the main reasons for Libratus' victory was the machine's ability outbluff humans.
"The computer can't win at poker if it can't bluff," said Frank Pfenning, head of the Computer Science Department at CMU.

"Developing an AI that can do that successfully is a tremendous step forward scientifically and has numerous applications. Imagine that your smartphone will someday be able to negotiate the best price on a new car for you. That's just the beginning."

Dong Kim, one of the four top poker players who participated in the tournament echoed the statement. The 28-year old, originally from Seattle, had also participated in a similar poker tournament with another AI machine built by CMU in 2015 named Claudico.

"It was about half way through the challenge (with Libratus when) I knew we wouldn't come back," said Kim.  read more »

"Miracle on Hudson River" - 8 years ago today, Flight 1549 struck birds, lost all engine power...

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Jan. 10, 2017
On January 15, 2009, Flight 1549 struck birds, lost all engine power. pilots Chesley Sullenberger and Jeffrey Skiles glided the plane to a ditching in the Hudson River, saved all 155 people aboard. US Airways Flight 1549 was an Airbus A320-214 which, three minutes after takeoff from New York City's LaGuardia Airport on January 15, 2009, struck a flock of Canada geese just northeast of the George Washington Bridge and consequently lost all engine power. Unable to reach any airport, pilots Chesley Sullenberger and Jeffrey Skiles glided the plane to a ditching in the Hudson River off midtown Manhattan. All 155 people aboard were rescued by nearby boats and there were few serious injuries.

The incident came to be known as the "Miracle on the Hudson", and a National Transportation Safety Board member described it as "the most successful ditching in aviation history." The pilots and flight attendants received the Master's Medal of the Guild of Air Pilots and Air Navigators for a "heroic and unique aviation achievement".

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Image courtesy Wikipedia and @CaptSully

"Two Steps Wiser" ebook release to celebrate a wonderful New Year: a very happy 2017 to all!

*NEW release*
Two Steps Wiser - World Culture Pictorial Online Journal Vol. 02
by Dean Goodluck

Available via Apple iBookstore/iTunes and Kobo eBooks.

Happy New Year!

Unconventional. Cease Fire: Syria; 35 diplomats expelled: no matchup; 45th US President Trump not interested in war

(quote)

29 Dec 2016
Priebus on Russia: Trump 'Not Interested in Going to War' - Wants to Have 'Relationships'
Thursday on Fox News Channel's "The O'Reilly Factor," while discussing the sanctions President Barack Obama announced today against Russia, incoming White House Chief of Staff Reince Priebus said while he can not yet comment on President-elect Donald Trump plans to address Russia once in office he did say Trump is "not interested in going to war." Instead he said that Trump was interested in "having relationships."  read more »

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